Hard Landscaping - Duty of Care

Designers guidance notes regarding the service providers duty of care (public and employee liability)

Personal injury claims in public domain can sight negligence on the part of the service provider. The designer shall act on behalf of his/her client and ensure as far as is reasonably practicable, every eventuality is considered with respect to possible product failure mechanisms in the component during their design life.

Risks associated with these potential failures shall be identified.

The designer shall include due consideration into product performance and behaviour when specifying pavement products.

Designers shall avoid significant changes in slip rating of materials and finishes across any pavement location.

Designers are encouraged to opt for ‘recessed’ type designs to access covers, linear drainage and tree surrounds to public pavements.
Routes around buildings including carparks are also applicable

The designer shall ensure that components are designed as robust enough to meet their performance requirements during the components design life.
Worst case loading shall be considered when selecting rating of pavement products.

Recessed product allows infill with the surrounding material, hence a degree of continuity is achieved to reduce risk of slip.
Recessed product shall be designed with the behavioural characteristics of its infill in mind.

Components shall be constructed from materials of an adequately heavy gauge to remain reliable in service when subject to the wear and tear associated with a pavement location.

Unsuitable materials at finished levels can lead to an increased risk of injury as a result of ‘slip’.

Failure to pavement products predominantly presents a ‘trip’ risk as a result of failed infill media